The 68 Blemishes of the Nafs

To clean the nafs of the 68 blemishes listed below is the beginning of good adab which is the greater part of Islam and of Sufism.

  1. Ujub - to be proud of one’s spiritual state
  2. Riya - to show off
  3. Kibr - arrogance
  4. Hasad - envy
  5. Bukhul - miserliness
  6. Kin - to be vengeful
  7. Kufr - faithlessness
  8. Bid’at- to distort religion and tradition
  9. Kufran-i ni’met - to deny the giver of gifts or to belittle the gifts
  10. To be disatisfied and complain about one’s state
  11. To cease to have hope for Allah’s Mercy
  12. To be sure of Allah’s punishment
  13. To condone tyrrany and help tyrants
  14. To speak against decent people
  15. To keep the heart attached to this world
  16. To keep wanting to be a leader
  17. To expect approval and compliments
  18. To fear criticism
  19. Not to be able to prevent oneself from wanting
  20. Instead of wishing to learn the truth, being an imitator
  21. To fawn over people for personal benefit
  22. To be happy about disasters that fall upon people, even your enemies
  23. To be a coward
  24. To be angry
  25. To be a tyrant
  26. Not to keep one’s word
  27. To believe in bad luck
  28. To think unjustly about people
  29. To love one’s property
  30. To be overly concerned with the world and the worldly
  31. To be ambitious
  32. To lead an irresponsible life
  33. To mix oneself into affairs that do not concern one
  34. To be undignified
  35. Not to keep the time of one’s devotions due to laziness
  36. To be shameless
  37. To lament the loss of things
  38. To gossip
  39. To be stubborn
  40. To be an egoist
  41. To be a hypocrite
  42. To cheat
  43. To be brutish
  44. To be dishonorable in relations with women
  45. To be lustful
  46. Not to accept one’s error and continue insisting on it
  47. To be afraid of poverty
  48. Not to believe in destiny or to talk about destiny
  49. To make oneself depressed
  50. To take pleasure in belittling others
  51. To be indiscriminately happy
  52. To be insincerely kind and fawning over rich people
  53. To be disdainful of the poor
  54. To boast and be proud of one’s past
  55. To show off one’s physical prowess
  56. To belittle others
  57. To like to talk long unnecessarily
  58. To be self centered in conversation
  59. To forget about one’s own shortcomings and be preoccupied with the shortcomings of others
  60. To exclude from one’s heart the fear of Allah and the shame and sadness of one’s state
  61. In distress to make excuses and to fall back on and encourage the nafs
  62. To decline to help in a struggle for Allah’s sake
  63. To pretend to be friends with one’s enemy
  64. To cheat in one’s work
  65. To set traps for others
  66. To identify with the world to the extent of forgetting Allah
  67. To take pleasure in people’s suffering
  68. Not to suffer because of one’s mistakes

These are like thorns growing in a barren field and show you the ugly attributes of the heart which surface and
become visible. Avoid them and beautify yourselves with the opposite of every one of these faults, because the
prayer which pleases Allah and which brings you closest to Him is to have beautiful adab.